Abstract—Traffic on highways are on rapid growth from past few years; it is proposed to deploy enhanced firebase Wireless Sensor Network (EFBWSN) with appropriate Media Access Control (MAC) protocol that should be capable of handling energy conservation along with high rate of data delivery. Proposed firebase MAC protocol (FBMH) can conserve energy and also can tune its self according to traffic load and Fire situation. It focuses more on the data delivery and communication strategy. A design of enhanced WSN is also proposed for fire and smoke detection. In EFBWSN, sensor is integrated with microcontroller 8051, GSM-GPS module on which FBMH operates. WSN should be connected with some high speed backbone in order to propagate the information of the effected zone throughout the highway. FBMH mainly adopts Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA) and can dynamically adjusts the slot time depending upon the vehicles load and also allows contention in TDMA, sub-slots in fire situation to become more responsive and also manages two priority queues i.e. one for general information and other for fire incident. Implementation of proposed WSN design and FBMH will provide communication strategy among nodes and can enhance the road safety under disasters circumstances i.e. fire and smoke.
Index Terms—Wireless sensor networks; fire base MAC protocol; MAC protocol for highway; energy conservation for WSN; FBMH; TDMA; Microcontroller.
Authors are with the University of Sargodha (e-mail: azhar. mushtaq@uos. edu.pk).
Cite: Ahmed Farid, Muhammad Azhar Mushtaq, Muhammad Kaleem, and Sana Nawaz, "Preparation of FBMH and EFBWSN: A Firebase MAC Protocol and Enhanced WSN Design for Highways," International Journal of Engineering and Technology vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 144-147, 2012.