Abstract—Modified atomic theory is proposed with the explanation of creation of neutron in the nucleus and revolving motion of electrons around the nucleus. Neutron is formed and adopted in between two protons in the nucleus to minimize or stabilize the same positive charge repulsive forces of the protons; as a result the electrons are moving in circular or elliptical path around the nucleus. Atoms of an element are exhibiting individual properties like motion, electronic configuration in different shells, valency, magnetism, electrostatic, conductivity, electro positivity and electro negativity etc within certain range of temperature and pressure, called Working Range of Temperature and Pressure (WRTP). In this modified atomic theory Magnetism, Nuclear Fission and Fusion, Superconductivity etc are explained in a new horizon. Above and below the WRTP, atoms of all elements have no separate existence i.e. developing a unique character and conductivity of the atoms or the elements become highest, behaving as Superconductor. Within WRTP, there is also some range of temperature and pressure which is the best suited for appearing atoms of the elements in a perfect individual behavior, nomenclature as the Suitable Temperature and Pressure (STP). The STP is a subset of the WRTP. If an atom or element is subjected to very high electric field or magnetic field or mixing with other elements having high difference range of bandgaps (energy gap between valence and conduction bands), superconductivity property evolves due to merging of all shell-sub shells. Hence, Global Warming may affect on atomic properties and earth's basic characteristics.
Index Terms—Bandgap, Bose-Einstein Condensation Theory (BEC), Curie Temperature, Global Warming, Modified Atomic Structure, Nuclear Fission and Fusion, Suitable Temperature and Pressure (STP), Super Conductor, Working Range of Temperature and Pressure (WRTP).
Pijush Kanti Bhattacharjee is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Bengal Institute of Technology and Management, Santiniketan, P.O. Doranda, West Bengal, Pin-731236, India. He was an Ex Asssitant Director in the Department of Telecommunications (DoT), Government of India, India. He has possessed vast working experience in the field of Telecommunications including Mobile Communications, Image Processing, Network Security, VLSI etc.
Cite: Pijush Kanti Bhattacharjee, "Modified Atomic Theory Identifies Formation of Superconductor," International Journal of Engineering and Technology vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 65-71, 2010.