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General Information
    • ISSN: 1793-8236 (Online)
    • Abbreviated Title Int. J. eng. technol.(Online)
    • Frequency:  Bimonthly
    • DOI: 10.7763/IJET
    • Executive Editor: Ms.Yoyo Y. Zhou
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS) EBSCO, Google Scholar, Ulrich Periodicals Directory, Crossref, ProQuest, Index CopernicusEI (INSPEC, IET).
    • E-mail: ijet@vip.163.com
Prof. T. Hikmet Karakoc
Anadolu University, Faculty of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Turkey

IJET 2015 Vol.7(2): 126-129 ISSN: 1793-8236
DOI: 10.7763/IJET.2015.V7.779

Ratio Determination of Solids and Voids for Traditional Malay Carvings: A Preparation for Environmental Performance

Noor Hanita, Abdul Majid, and Zuraini Denan
Abstract—Carvings in forms of openings, roof ends and walls have been incorporated as aesthetic and climatic element in the Malay traditional buildings. Determining the ratio of solids and voids on carvings elements is seen as an essential step to gain insight on the performance of carvings as a shading devices to control sunlight and air flow. The research objectives are to inventory and digitize the carvings to determine the ratio of solid and voids, and predict their performances. The carvings sampled from all states in Peninsular Malaysia are digitized using AutoCAd to determine the area of solid and void. The ratio of solid and voids ranges from 1:1 to 99:1 and the most common ratio are 3:2. The ratio study is a preliminary findings towards a detail study on the daylight and ventilation control in the traditional houses.

Index Terms—Carvings, climatic performance, ratio, solid and void.

The authors are with the Department of Architecture, Kulliyyah of Architecture and Environmental Design, International Islamic University Malaysia (e-mail: noorhanita@gmail.com; zurainidenan@gmail.com).


Cite: Noor Hanita, Abdul Majid, and Zuraini Denan, "Ratio Determination of Solids and Voids for Traditional Malay Carvings: A Preparation for Environmental Performance," International Journal of Engineering and Technology vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 126-129, 2015.

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