—Carvings in forms of openings, roof ends and walls
have been incorporated as aesthetic and climatic element in the
Malay traditional buildings. Determining the ratio of solids and
voids on carvings elements is seen as an essential step to gain
insight on the performance of carvings as a shading devices to
control sunlight and air flow. The research objectives are to
inventory and digitize the carvings to determine the ratio of
solid and voids, and predict their performances. The carvings
sampled from all states in Peninsular Malaysia are digitized
using AutoCAd to determine the area of solid and void. The
ratio of solid and voids ranges from 1:1 to 99:1 and the most
common ratio are 3:2. The ratio study is a preliminary findings
towards a detail study on the daylight and ventilation control in
the traditional houses.
—Carvings, climatic performance, ratio, solid
The authors are with the Department of Architecture, Kulliyyah of
Architecture and Environmental Design, International Islamic University
Malaysia (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com).
Cite: Noor Hanita, Abdul Majid, and Zuraini Denan, "Ratio Determination of Solids and Voids for Traditional
Malay Carvings: A Preparation for Environmental
Performance," International Journal of Engineering and Technology vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 126-129, 2015.