—The phenomenon of urban sprawl has been a huge issue since the beginning of 20th century and is characterized by rapid and unbalanced settlement development, with transportation network, particularly in the suburban areas. Academic researches have explained the linkage strategy between transportation network and urban planning. However, insufficient empirical verification has been carried out to reduce this phenomenon by using the integrated approach of space-transport development. This paper focuses on analyzing the improvement of public transport (PT)system strategies. The research is analyzed by using microscopic data and by distributing questionnaires in order to assess the impact of settlement development in the suburbs. The impact of PT improvement has an effect on the settlement. The conclusions reveal that the requirement to improve PT-system should be facilitated together with the expanding settlement development. The combination of PT-system has to be involved to reduce 35% in travel time and to increase doubling of the use of public transport.
—Public transport, urban sprawl, settlement development, suburban area.
Lasmini Ambarwati is with the Department of Transport and Planning, TU Delft, Netherlands; Department of Civil Engineering, Brawijaya University, Indonesia (e-mail: L.Ambarwati@tudelft.nl).
Robert Verhaeghe, Adam J. Pel, and Bar Van Arem are with Department of Transport and Planning, TU Delft, Netherlands (e-mail: R.J.Vehaeghe@tudelft.nl).
Cite: L. Ambarwati, R. Verhaeghe, A. J. Pel, and B. Van Arem, "Development of Public Transport System Strategies to Control Urban Sprawl," International Journal of Engineering and Technology vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 443-451, 2014.