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General Information
Editor-in-chief
Prof. T. Hikmet Karakoc
Anadolu University, Faculty of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Turkey

IJET 2014 Vol.6(2): 146-150 ISSN: 1793-8236
DOI: 10.7763/IJET.2014.V6.684

Characterization of Garcinia Mangostana Linn. Seeds as Potential Feedstocks for Biodiesel Production

L. Nabilah Aminah, S. T. Leong, C. Y. Ho, Y. S. Wong, and C. K. Kairulazam
Abstract—Currently, a majority of the world’s energy needs are met through the use of fossil fuels, petroleum, coal and natural gas. The depletion of petroleum reserves, rising and extremely volatile crude oil prices, and environmental concerns has led to search for renewable and environmentally friendly fuels - biodiesel. Therefore this study is emphasis on the feasibility of biodiesel preparation from food waste feedstock, Garcinia Mangostana Linn. (GML) seed by two-phase solvent extraction (TSE) and two-step transesterification. Nevertheless, the main purposes of this study is to identify the characteristic of GML seed as potential feedstock for biodiesel production by using Fourier transform infraRed spectrometer (FTIR), Thermogravimetry Analyzer (TGA) and Bomb Calorimeter. Hence, a comparison through FTIR analysis was examined between GML seed and GML biodiesel to evaluate the functional group present. The results from the FTIR spectrum indicate that methyl ester of seeds was successfully converted into biodiesel.

Index Terms—Biodiesel, Garcinia Mangostana Linn. seeds, two-phase solvent extraction, transesterification.

L. Nabilah Aminah, S. T. Leong, C. Y. Ho and Y. S. Wong are with the School of Environmental Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Malaysia (e-mail: nabilah@unimap.edu.my; withly_leong@yahoo.com; chiayike@yahoo.com; yswong@unimap.edu.my).
C. K Kairulazam is with the Centre for Industrial Collaboration, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, 01000 Perlis, Malaysia (e-mail: chekuazam@unimap.edu.my).

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Cite:L. Nabilah Aminah, S. T. Leong, C. Y. Ho, Y. S. Wong, and C. K. Kairulazam, "Characterization of Garcinia Mangostana Linn. Seeds as Potential Feedstocks for Biodiesel Production," International Journal of Engineering and Technology vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 146-150, 2014.

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