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General Information
    • ISSN: 1793-8236 (Online)
    • Abbreviated Title Int. J. Eng. Technol.
    • Frequency:  Quarterly 
    • DOI: 10.7763/IJET
    • Executive Editor: Ms.Yoyo Y. Zhou
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS) EBSCO, Google Scholar, Ulrich Periodicals Directory, Crossref, ProQuest, Index CopernicusEI (INSPEC, IET).
    • E-mail: ijet@vip.163.com
Prof. T. Hikmet Karakoc
Anadolu University, Faculty of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Turkey

IJET 2013 Vol.5(4): 502-507 ISSN: 1793-8236
DOI: 10.7763/IJET.2013.V5.606

Analytical Solutions to Evaluate Bending Failure of Column Supported Embankments

N. N. S. Yapage, D. S. Liyanapathirana, H. G. Poulos, R. B. Kelly, and C. J. Leo
Abstract—Design procedures for Geosynthetic Reinforced Column Supported (GRCS) embankments generally consider the sliding failure for external stability and the shear failure mode for internal stability. However, other failure modes such as collapse failure, slip circle failure, punching shear failure around column heads (overall or local), and bending failure of DCM columns are also significant for GRCS embankments. Although some design procedures have considered some of these failure modes and proposed design criteria to check against these failure modes, they are not currently used in practice due to uncertainties related to some assumptions used in developing these methods, unreliable results given by them and difficulty in finding some parameters. Still there are uncertainties in identifying the critical failure modes for these embankments at the ultimate limit state (ULS) conditions. In this paper, two-dimensional finite element modeling incorporating strain softening behavior of cement admixed soils is used to identify the failure modes of GRCS embankments at the ULS. Bending failure of columns with subsequent shear failure is found to be critical for internal stability of GRCS embankments. Consequently, analytical equations are derived to calculate the factor of safety against bending failure for improved ground considering driving and resisting moments.

Index Terms—Deep cement mixed columns, embankments, finite element method, failure modes, strain softening.

N. N. S. Yapage, D. S. Liyanapathirana and C. J. Leo are with School of Computing, Engineering and Mathematics, University of Western Sydney, Locked Bag 1797, Penrith, NSW 2751, Australia (e-mail: n.yapage@ uws.edu.au, s.liyanapathirana@ uws.edu.au, and c.leo@ uws.edu.au).
H. G. Poulos and R. B. Kelly are with Coffey Geotechnics Pty Ltd, Level 19, Tower B, Citadel Tower 799, Pacific Highway, Chatswood, NSW 2067, Australia (e-mail: Harry_Poulos@coffey.com, and Richar_Kelly@coffey.com).


Cite:N. N. S. Yapage, D. S. Liyanapathirana, H. G. Poulos, R. B. Kelly, and C. J. Leo, "Analytical Solutions to Evaluate Bending Failure of Column Supported Embankments," International Journal of Engineering and Technology vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 502-507, 2013.

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