Abstract—In reservoir operation, appropriate methodology for deriving reservoir operating rules should be selected and operating rules should then be formulated. In the present study Genetic Algorithm (GA) has been used to optimize the operation of existing multipurpose reservoir in India, and to derive reservoir operating rules for optimal reservoir operations. The fitness function used is minimizing the squared deviation of monthly irrigation demand along with the squared deviation in mass balance equation. The decision variables are monthly releases for irrigation from the reservoir and initial storages in reservoir at beginning of the month. The constraints considered for this optimization are reservoir capacity and the bounds for decision variables. Results show that, even during the low flow condition the GA model if applied to the Upper Wardha reservoir in Maharastra State, India, can satisfy downstream irrigation demand. Hence based on the present case study it can be concluded that GA model has the capability to perform efficiently, if applied in real world operation of the reservoir.
Index Terms—Genetic algorithm, Optimization, Upper Wardha reservoir
Y..P..Mathur, Professor Civil Engineering Department, Malaviya National Institute of Technology Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.
S..J. Nikam, Research Scholar Civil Engineering Department, Malviya National Institute of Technology Jaipur, Rajasthan, India (corresponding author phone: 919413090371; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Cite: Y. P. Mathur and S. J. Nikam, "Optimal Reservoir Operation Policies Using Genetic Algorithm," International Journal of Engineering and Technology vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 184-187, 2009.