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General Information
    • ISSN: 1793-8236 (Online)
    • Abbreviated Title Int. J. Eng. Technol.
    • Frequency:  Quarterly 
    • DOI: 10.7763/IJET
    • Executive Editor: Ms.Yoyo Y. Zhou
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS) EBSCO, Google Scholar, Ulrich Periodicals Directory, Crossref, ProQuest, Index CopernicusEI (INSPEC, IET).
    • E-mail: ijet@vip.163.com
Prof. T. Hikmet Karakoc
Anadolu University, Faculty of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Turkey

IJET 2019 Vol.11(3): 169-172 ISSN: 1793-8236
DOI: 10.7763/IJET.2019.V11.1141

The Kinematic Evaluation of Shoulder and Elbow Joints for Different Walking Speeds

Jae Ho Kim, Jaejin Hwang, Myung-Chul Jung, and Seung-Min Mo
Abstract—The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of different walking speed on the range of motion, angular velocity, and angular acceleration of the shoulder and elbow during walking. An optical motion capture system was used to capture the walking motion on the treadmill system. The independent variable of this study was set as four levels of walking speeds including 3.6, 5.4, 7.2 km/h, and preferred walking speed. Seven dependent variables were analysed as follows: maximum joint angle, minimum joint angle, range of motion (ROM), maximum joint angular velocity, minimum joint angular velocity, maximum joint angular acceleration and minimum joint angular acceleration. The subject walked according to the randomized walking speed during 90 seconds on the treadmill. Twenty gait cycles of motion capture data from each experiment condition of each subject were extracted. In the shoulder joint, the mean of ROM and the mean of maximum angular acceleration were the highest at 5.4 km/h walking speed. It can be considered that the arm swing was sufficiently performed to maintain the walking stability. At the walking speed 7.4 km/h, the gait pattern of one cycle was too short due to fast walking. It indicated that the time of motion for sufficiently swinging the arm was short. At the walking speed 7.2 km/h, the ROM and angular velocity of the shoulder joint decreased but those of the elbow joint were increased. It could be related to maintain the walking balance by swinging the elbow to compensate the reduction of the shoulder movement during a fast walking. We suggest that the ergonomic threshold walking speed of the wearable robot is limited to 5.4 km/h. In addition, the fast walking speed can cause biomechanical load and discomfort in the arm movement.

Index Terms—Shoulder, elbow, kinematic, wearable robot, human-robot interaction, walking speed.

Jae ho Kim and Myung-Chul Jung are with the Department of Industrial Engineering, Ajou University, Suwon, Republic of Korea (e-mail: jaeho82@ajou.ac.kr, mcjung@ajou.ac.kr).
Jaejin Hwang is with the Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL, USA (e-mail: jhwang3@niu.edu).
Seung-Min Mo is with the Department of Industrial and Chemical Engineering, Suncheon Jeil College, Suncheon, Republic of Korea (e-mail: smmo@suncheon.ac.kr)


Cite: Jae Ho Kim, Jaejin Hwang, Myung-Chul Jung, and Seung-Min Moa, "The Kinematic Evaluation of Shoulder and Elbow Joints for Different Walking Speeds," International Journal of Engineering and Technology vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 169-172, 2019.

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