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General Information
    • ISSN: 1793-8236 (Online)
    • Abbreviated Title Int. J. eng. technol.(Online)
    • Frequency:  Bimonthly
    • DOI: 10.7763/IJET
    • Executive Editor: Ms.Yoyo Y. Zhou
    • Abstracting/ Indexing: Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS) EBSCO, Google Scholar, Ulrich Periodicals Directory, Crossref, ProQuest, Index CopernicusEI (INSPEC, IET).
    • E-mail: ijet@vip.163.com
Prof. T. Hikmet Karakoc
Anadolu University, Faculty of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Turkey

IJET 2019 Vol.11(3): 154-161 ISSN: 1793-8236
DOI: 10.7763/IJET.2019.V11.1139

A Comparative Study of the Environmental Impact from Transportation of Prefabricated Building Elements Using Wood or Concrete

Fredrik Lindblad, Karolina Lehman, and Elina Aggerstam
Abstract—As many as 240 of Sweden's 290 municipalities estimated that there existed a housing shortage within their region. Therefore, many homes are required to be built in a relatively short period to fulfil the demand. Production is required to take into consideration sustainable building solutions to reduce climate impact. Hence, logistics must become more efficient to contribute to an environmental solution, and the use of transports should be examined reducing the effect of heavy vehicles to meet the climate objectives. The focus of this study is to identify differences between the transportation of materials for building projects based on wood or concrete. Different key performance indicators were derived from the collected data and presented in this study, which resulted in two formulas focusing on transport- and environmental impact. The KPI’s indicates that the weight of the load does not have an important impact on the amount of emitted CO2, but it is the number of transports associated with the projects that are the main problem regarding emissions and environmental impact. Hence, the number of transports and the amount of CO2 emissions can be calculated by the support of the formulas derived from this study.

Index Terms—Multi-family houses, prefabrication, environmental impact, transportation, wood, concrete, transport utilisation.

Fredrik Lindblad is with Linnaeus University, Faculty of Technology, Institution of Mechanical Engineering, Växjö, Sweden (e-mail: fredrik.lindblad@lnu.se).


Cite: Fredrik Lindblad, Karolina Lehman, and Elina Aggerstam, "A Comparative Study of the Environmental Impact from Transportation of Prefabricated Building Elements Using Wood or Concrete," International Journal of Engineering and Technology vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 154-161, 2019.

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